Scott Mainwaring (Notre Dame) e Anibal Perez-Lian (Pittsburgh) publicaram o livro Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America: Emergence, Survival and Fall no começo deste ano pela Cambridge Press. Recentemente os autores deram uma entrevista ao site New Books in Political Science sobre os motivos que os levaram a revisitar os regimes autoritários no continente e as principais conclusões da pesquisa conjunta. O livro compara regimes democráticos e autoritários ao longo do século XX e apresenta dois estudos de caso de transições democráticas (Argentina e El Salvador). Segundo Mainwaring e Perez-Lian, a principal variável explicativa para a queda de regimes autocráticos na América Latina seria a pressão interna sofrida pelos regimes ditatoriais.
- Mainwaring & Perez-Lian: "Democracies and Dictatorships" (interview)
This book presents a new theory for why political regimes emerge, and why they subsequently survive or break down. It then analyzes the emergence, survival, and fall of democracies and dictatorships in Latin America since 1900. Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán argue for a theoretical approach situated between long-term structural and cultural explanations and short-term explanations that look at the decisions of specific leaders. They focus on the political preferences of powerful actors – the degree to which they embrace democracy as an intrinsically desirable end and their policy radicalism – to explain regime outcomes. They also demonstrate that transnational forces and influences are crucial to understand regional waves of democratization. Based on extensive research into the political histories of all twenty Latin American countries, this book offers the first extended analysis of regime emergence, survival, and failure for all of Latin America over a long period of time